Friday, July 08, 2011

Gateway Books

As an agent, I represent both YA and adult fiction because as a reader, I love both equally. Admittedly, I read a lot more YA than adult, especially since I became an agent, because that's what's sent to me most often. (Note: this is not a complaint!) It's my job to keep up with the markets I'm specializing in, so even in those rare moments of free time, I read YA.

However, in the same way I can't read too many books within any specific genre in a row, I find that too much YA leaves me craving something more grown up, something written with absolutely no regard for a younger audience. The language gets denser, the characters are closer to my age, and the situations are more relevant to my life. As complex and literary and wonderful as YA can be, the whole point of it is to speak to the teenage experience. I don't think I'm alone here when I say that remaining in high school forever feels like a cruel joke. Much like in my actual teen years, sometimes all I want to do is graduate and embrace the adult experience.

There are many other readers out there who manage to strike this same balance between YA and adult fiction. But, there are others who are clearly in one camp or the other. I've met readers (and writers) who barely know any modern adult fiction titles because they only follow the YA community. Likewise (as we read about way more often than we should), adult fiction readers, of both commercial and literary tastes, tend to either a) think of YA as "kid stuff," which to them includes teens, or b) don't understand what YA is and don't enough care to find out.

Neither side here is right, and in their own way, neither side is really wrong. As long as one refrains from bashing the other, it all comes down to personal preference. But if you're one of those readers who spends way too much time reading one vs. the other; or you want to try YA, but you're hung up on the stigma of shopping in the "teen" section; or you're waiting for an adult novel to speak to you as much as YA has, then might I suggest a few gateway titles that will make the transition easier:

1. Election by Tom Perrotta: Ah, Tracy Flick. The original Hermione Granger, minus the ability to conjure spells. All Tracy conjured was an immediate sense of annoyance and disdain... but who also had an odd likability. She wants to be president of her high school and one day conquer the world, but her teacher, Mr. M, would rather that didn't happen. The novel takes place in high school and only has one real adult protagonist (if you want to call him that) in the mix of teenagers. Yet it's a deeply rich satire about politics and scandal. If you've seen the equally brilliant film version, then you know this isn't meant to speak directly to the teenage experience, but it features teens we all know, even sometimes love.

2. The History of Love by Nicole Krauss: I read this book in a class called "Young Adult as the Narrator" when I was getting my MFA and couldn't understand why this book was even on the course list. It had nothing to do with young adult fiction, or so I thought. Which I guess was the point of the class. Told from the alternating perspectives of 14-year-old Alma and 90-year-old Leo, it's a story about family and survival and self-discovery. While no one could accidentally misplace this in the YA section like they could with Election, The History of Love is a novel teenagers would enjoy because its core themes transcend age, like all good novels should. But with a young narrator, it makes the crossover appeal that much easier to take in.

3. I Capture the Castle by Dodie Smith: Published in the late 1940s, this novel also features a teenage narrator whose focus is on her family. It's hard for me not to compare this novel to Jane Austen - wise-beyond-her-years young woman sees herself as an outsider in her formerly prominent family, who is dealing with the changing times in the English countryside. Then, to shake things up, handsome (American!) young men move in next door and matchmaking ensues... It's all there, but 17-year-old Cassandra Morton's family are no Bennetts. They are dysfunctional and broken and wildly eccentric - and Cassandra's sharp eye and wit is there to capture it all.

4. How I Paid for College by Marc Acito: The subtitle for this book is "A Novel of Sex, Theft, Friendship, and Musical Theater" and I picked it up in the bookstore for that reason. I was 20 when I read it, and having been a proud member of my high school's drama club, a book about "play people" (as they're called in the book) who drink, have sex, and go on madcap adventures to New York City was appealing. This book would probably be more for adult readers who want to segue into YA, but honestly even knowing what I know now about the industry, I'm not sure where I'd categorize this. I bought it in the regular fiction section, but it could very easily fit in on a YA shelf next to Nick and Norah's Infinite Playlist or Youth in Revolt. It's a crazy book and laugh-out-loud funny (a phrase I do not use lightly!). Basically every age group should read it, even if you weren't a play person.

5. Ender's Game by Orson Scott Card: This is an easy, if not obvious, pick coming from me. Not only does it introduce reluctant YA readers to a younger character, but it introduces sci-fi skeptics to a world where battling aliens is just as important as the literary writing style and richly developed characters. The thing about Ender is that he is very young, not even a teenager. So while the overarching plot is pure sci-fi territory, the readers get to see a very simple coming of age story. Just thinking about it makes me want to re-read it. I've also just noticed Orson Scott Card's original dedication as I leafed through my copy - "For Geoffrey, who makes me remember how young and how old children can be." It can't really be said better than that, can it?

Reading the above-mentioned titles will not only convert reluctant readers on both sides, but they will also help any of you writers out there who are thinking crossing age lines. You may have noticed that several adult authors are tackling YA these days (Grisham and Patterson among the larger names). You may have also noticed it's not a matter of simply "dumbing down" prose and making a few characters younger. It's writing with an entirely different viewpoint in mind, one that most adults have not considered in quite a while. Tapping into a part of your brain that hasn't been used in decades is not easy. Oh no, how do teens think? Will they understand if I use this literary device? Do they modern-day teens even care about this anymore? It's easy to get yourself worked up over whether your audience will "get" you if you are trying something completely new. Same goes for YA authors trying adult for the first time. I find that if I read too many YA voices in a row, the switch to an adult perspective can be jarring. Switching your brain in order to write it is even more of a challenge. Even though the adult voice is the writer's own voice, it is still a daunting task. That's where crossover titles - Gateway Books - come in. They exist in the middle, and writers can pick and choose what they need to take from them.

If you're wondering why I left out the more obvious titles of To Kill a Mockingbird, Catcher in the Rye, or Huck Finn, it's because you already read them. Also, with the exception of Dodie Smith, the above titles are for the more contemporary reader. I find "classics" to be classics for a reason; people of all age groups have accepted them as "great" or are being told they're great high school. Contemporary fiction is still divided. You either "like that kind of thing" or don't. Not enough time has passed to see where they'll fall in the literary spectrum.

Whether you're on Team YA or Team Adult, I guarantee reading the above-mentioned titles (in no particular order) will help you find value in both styles of writing - one way or the other. Unfortunately, this is not a money-back-guarantee, so in case I'm proven wrong please accept the following song as a consolation.

(But I doubt I'll be proven wrong. You will love them and learn from them!)

Have a good weekend, everyone.

12 comments:

  1. Finally, somebody like me who likes both! Seems like I find people that sway one way or the other. Thanks for the suggestions. Always looking for good stories. :)

    ReplyDelete
  2. I like both, although I'll admit I've been focusing on YA lately. And I can't wait to get started on this list. They all sound intriguing.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Election is like a piece of hard candy. Love.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Great idea for a list and I love the recommendations!

    ReplyDelete
  5. Sarah, I'm curious to know how you feel about "New Adult". I wrote an entire MS about two college-age girls thinking it was considered YA, and was floored to find out it wasn't. To me, the tone and voice is YA... but apparently we do an instantaneous morph into adulthood over the summer between high school and college. I'm afraid it's hopeless for me to even query just because the girls aren't still wandering cinderblock hallways!

    ReplyDelete
  6. I imagine it does grow tiring to read YA all the time. High School forever? Ick, I wanted to be 30 by the age of 3. Thank you for the suggested reading. Have a good weekend.

    ReplyDelete
  7. Okay, so I feel completely homeless.

    See, I like books like the ones you listed. (LOVE the two I've read: Ender's Game and I Capture the Castle.) I spent my teen years reading adult science fiction, and now that I'm not too proud to shop in the YA section, I find that the ones I really like aren't the standard teen novels. They're the Gifts series by Ursula LeGuin, or The Goose Girl, which wasn't originally written for a teen audience, etc. (And it's not just because they're fantasy. I've read plenty of teen fantasy I didn't like.)

    And from the adult section, I find epic fantasies where the main characters are teenagers, but they're not sold as YA. The one I'm reading now, The Name of the Wind, is basically a coming-of-age story.

    I'm drawn to gateway books, I guess. They're a destination for me, the best of both worlds. They're like YA with more meat or adult with more energy. Uh, I'm sure there are better similes, but I'm all similied out.

    ReplyDelete
  8. I tend to get stuck between YA and adult because I like plots (YA) and I like mature themes with them (adult). And like you, I skew toward liking characters my age, which is why The Magicians makes me giddy. Best of both worlds.

    ReplyDelete
  9. @Gina - I think you're hitting on a different subject, but yes, college-aged characters do fall into "adult." To me, anything out of high school is no longer YA. Tone and voice are factors, but what really makes a book YA vs. Adult is the story. Does it speak to the teenage experience? Or does your plot just happen to feature characters who are younger? Once you decide that, then use tone & voice accordingly.

    ReplyDelete
  10. Great post. I've been wanting to read Election for years and you just reminded me to go get it! The History of Love is awesome. The only time I've ever laughed out loud reading a book by myself is when Alma's brother was narrating...hilarious.

    ReplyDelete
  11. These are are great sounding suggestions, I just purchased the Acito book on Kindle.

    Another book in this category is NO SCORE by Lawrence Block (1970). The main character is a 17 year old boy trying to lose is virginity. The book is entertaining and hilarious but most definitely not YA.

    ReplyDelete
  12. Oh my goodness, I loved ENDER'S GAME so much when I first read it, I went on to read the entire series. I loved all the novels in that series! What I love about really good science fiction is that the story is so much more than the individual characters or even their age. The ENDER'S GAME series asked important moral questions while introducing fascinating characters, with the moral questions making up a major focus of the novel. I also enjoyed reading about the futuristic world of ENDER'S GAME with all its complex technology.

    ReplyDelete